The Indian government has introduced a historic bill guaranteeing a third of seats for women in the lower house of parliament and state assemblies.
The contentious bill, first proposed in 1996, has been hanging for decades amid opposition from some political parties.
Its revival comes months before the general elections in May 2024.
It was introduced by Law Minister Arjun Ram Meghwal on Tuesday when the MPs met for the first session in the country’s new parliament building.
The bill is still some way away from becoming a law – it would require the approval of both houses of parliament and the Indian president’s signature.
In his opening speech at the new parliament building, Mr Modi praised the proposed legislation and said it was a special moment for the country.
“The world understands that only talking of women-led development is not enough. This is a positive step taken on that front,” he told lawmakers as he appealed to them to support the bill.
The PM also took a swipe at the opposition and said that the previous Congress party-led governments had failed to clear the bill when they were in power.
“There have been discussions around women’s reservations for years. We can say with pride that we have scripted history,” he said.
He called a five-day special session which began on Monday but the first day’s sitting was held in the old parliament building.
The proceedings are being held amid criticism from opposition leaders who claim that the government has not disclosed all the business that could come up during the week.
According to the government, eight bills have been listed for discussion during the session – but this agenda could be changed or expanded during the course of the week.
The new parliament building is part of the government’s ambitious Central Vista project in Delhi to replace colonial-era government buildings.
Built in front of the old parliament, the new four-storey building – constructed at an estimated cost of 9.7bn rupees ($117m, £94m) – is much bigger and has the capacity to seat 1,272 MPs.
The Lok Sabha chamber, which will seat the lower house of the parliament, is designed in the likeness of a peacock, India’s national bird. The Rajya Sabha chamber, which will seat the upper house, is designed to resemble the lotus – India’s national flower and also Mr Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party’s election symbol.
The current parliament building will be converted into a museum.
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